Framed School: Frame Factors, Frames and the Dynamics of Social Interaction in School

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper aims to show how the Goffman frame perspective can be used in an analysis of school and education and how it can be combined, in such analysis, with the frame factor perspective. The latter emphasizes factors that are determined outside the teaching process, while the former stresses how actors organize their experiences and define shared situations. In this light, an analysis of framing of and in Swedish compulsory school, based on governing documents, is carried out. Since the frame factors are contradictory, different possibilities to frame school in the Goffmanian sense present themselves to the school actors. In spite of frame factors, school can be framed in different and inconstant ways, for example, as an institution, an organization, a movement, or a seminar. Such nuance shifts show different dynamics of social interaction in school and can be used to understand variations between and within schools.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • Educational Sciences


  • school as seminar, school as movement, school as organization, school as institution, nuance shifts, frame factors, framing, sociologi, sociology, utbildningsvetenskap, educational sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-514
JournalScandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch

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Related research output

Anders Persson, 2021 Jan 1, 25 p. Lund : Department of Educational Sciences, Lund University.

Research output: Other contributionWeb publication/Blog post

Anders Persson, 2019, Den sociala människan: Sociologi för gymnasieskolan : Arbetshäfte. Eliasson, A. (ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Anders Persson, 2018, 1 ed. London & New York: Routledge. 188 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

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Related activities

Persson, A. (Invited speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

Persson, A. (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentationPresentation

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