From analogue to digital a study of documentation methods during an excavation of the Neolithic flint mines at Pilbladet, Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The ‘digital turn’ in archaeology has resulted in documentation, analysis, visualization and repository requirements becoming increasingly digital in recent years. However, we are only at the beginning of understanding how the shift from analogue to digital affects archaeological interpretation, as attention has mainly been directed towards technological aspects. However, how archaeology is executed influences the production of archaeological knowledge, and additional research into digital practices and their consequences is needed. During the latest excavation in 2014 of the Neolithic flint mines of Södra Sallerup, in Malmö in southern Sweden, several recording methods were used to document the remains in plan, including hand drawing, digital mapping with GPS and digital photography using a camera mounted on a pole. The records were used to create both digital plans and georeferenced orthophotos from a 3D model and from photomosaic. The aim was to produce a record comparable to previous documentation from decades of archaeological excavations of the flint mines in the area, as well as one that is up-to-date with today’s digital standards. The methods are described and their consequences for the archaeological results are discussed.


  • Åsa Ottosson Berggren
  • Anders Gutehall
External organisations
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Archaeology
  • Other Computer and Information Science


  • Archaeological theory, Contract archaeology, Digital archaeology, Digital mapping, Digital turn, Documentation methods, GIS, Hand drawing, Photogrammetry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-158
Number of pages40
JournalCurrent Swedish Archaeology
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch