Functional and structural change in diabetic eyes. Interim results from an ongoing longitudinal prospective study.

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Abstract

Purpose: To presents results after 18 months of follow-up of a longitudinal study aiming at exploring the correlation between diabetic retinal vascular lesions and functional change. Methods: Patients were consecutively recruited from attendees to the screening program for diabetic retinopathy. Subjects are followed every sixth month for the first 3 years and thereafter annually up to 5 years. Progression of diabetic retinopathy is evaluated using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scale and improvement/deterioration in visual fields by predefined significance limits for change. Results: Of 81 subjects, with no/mild/moderate diabetic retinopathy included, 76 have passed the 18-month visit. At that time, retinal progression by two steps according to the ETDRS scale had occurred in two subjects. Visual acuity was -0.14 logMAR and had decreased with two letters (0.04 logMAR) (p < 0.001) from baseline. The global visual field index mean deviation was almost unchanged with a negligible improvement of 0.03 dB (p = 0.79). In 21 subjects, repeated significant deterioration was seen in ≥10% of all points tested in the field, while almost no improved points were noted. The two subjects with retinal progression were not among those 21 with indication of perimetric progression. Conclusions: This is, to our knowledge, the first longitudinal study evaluating change of visual fields in a representative diabetic cohort with no or mild/moderate retinopathy. In this interim report, we demonstrate deteriorated perimetric sensitivity in subjects already at 18 months of follow-up. The results will have implications for evaluating change in visual function in future clinical trials.

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  • Ophthalmology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-677
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume91
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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