GAD-specific cognitive behavioral treatment for children and adolescents: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) designed to target Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in youth was examined in a pilot feasibility trial. Participants (aged 10-18 years) were randomized to either 10 weeks of individual CBT (n = 20) or supported wait-list (n = 20). Diagnostic status (primary outcome) was assessed blindly at post-treatment for both groups, and at a 3-month follow-up for treated participants. Two participants failed to complete CBT and retained their GAD during the trial. Intention-to-treat analyses revealed large between-group differences in favor of CBT at post-treatment for remission from GAD (80% vs 0%) and comorbid disorders (83% vs 0%), and for all secondary outcomes (child and parent-reported). All gains were maintained at 3-month follow-up in the CBT group. Consistent with the treatment model, significant pre- to post-treatment reductions in several cognitive processes were found for CBT but not wait-listed participants, with these gains maintained at follow-up. Further investigations are warranted.


External organisations
  • South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
  • King's College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology
  • Other Health Sciences


  • generalized anxiety disorder, Children and Adolescents, Randomized Clinical Trial, Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Original languageEnglish
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 Apr 25
Publication categoryResearch

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