Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: A Method for Optimizing the Timing of CT Scans in the Follow-up of Cancer Patients.

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Abstract

Purpose To develop a mathematical model to adjust the timing of computed tomography (CT) scans with the hazard of cancer recurrence in time to facilitate early detection of cancer recurrence. Materials and Methods The clinical data were extracted from the randomized Scandinavian Sarcoma Group (SSG) XVIII/Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (AIO) trial database. The SSG XVIII/AIO trial was registered (trial no. NCT00116935) and approved by the national or institutional review boards. In the trial, 1- and 3-year durations of adjuvant imatinib mesylate in the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) were compared. A nonhomogeneous Poisson model with a piecewise log-constant hazard in time that accounts for the nonlinear pattern of GIST recurrence was applied to tumor site, mitotic count, and recurrence data. The optimal times to obtain follow-up CT scans were computed by modifying the frequency of CT scans with the hazard of tumor recurrence in time. The hazard-adjusted follow-up schedules were compared with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines of the United States, which suggest imaging with CT at intervals of 3-6 months for 3-5 years and then annually. Results Optimized timing of CT scans on the basis of hazard of recurrence resulted in follow-up schedule options where CT is performed more sparsely than in the NCCN guidelines during adjuvant imatinib administration and more frequently, at approximately 3-month intervals, during the first 2 years that follow imatinib discontinuation when the risk of recurrence was the greatest. The number of CT scans could be reduced by a median of 31% (from 13 to nine) compared with the standard schedules within the first 6 years of follow-up without increasing the delay in recurrence detection. Conclusion Detection of GIST recurrence may be enhanced by adjusting the timing of the CT scans with the hazard of recurrence. The method may be applicable to other human tumor types. © RSNA, 2013 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

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  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
JournalRadiology
Volume271
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes