Gel electrolyte membranes derived from co-continuous polymer blends

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Polymer gel electrolyte membranes were prepared by first casting films of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP), lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) salt, and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) monomethacrylate and dimethacrylate macromonomers. Polymerization of the macromonomers initiated by UV-irradiation then generated solid films having phase-separated morphologies with a microporous PVDF-HFP phase embedded in PEG-grafted polymethacrylates. Gel electrolyte membranes were finally prepared by allowing the films to take up solutions of LiTFSI in gamma-butyrolactone (gamma-BL). The PEG-grafted polymethacrylate in the membranes was found to host the largest part of the liquid electrolyte, giving rise to a highly swollen ionic conductive phase. Results by FTIR spectroscopy showed that the Li+ ions preferentially interacted with the ether oxygens of the PEG chains. The properties of the membranes were studied as a function of the ratio of PVDF-HFP to PEG-grafted polymethacrylate, as well as the degree of crosslinking, LiTFSI concentration, and liquid electrolyte content. The self-supporting and elastic gel membranes had ionic conductivities of 10(-3) S cm(-1) and a mechanical storage modulus in the range of 2.5 MPa in the tension mode at room temperature. Variation of the salt concentration showed the greatest effect on the membrane properties.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Sciences


  • Polymer gel electrolytes, Interpenetrating polymer blend networks, Vinylidene fluoride copolymers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7896-7908
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)