Gemcitabine Treatment in Pancreatic Cancer – Prognostic Factors and Outcome.

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title = "Gemcitabine Treatment in Pancreatic Cancer – Prognostic Factors and Outcome.",
abstract = "Background: Pancreatic cancer is generally associated with a poor prognosis and often diagnosed in an advanced stage. The aim of the present study was to evaluate gemcitabine treatment concerning prognostic factors, clinical benefit, tolerance/ toxicity and survival. Methods: Patients with surgically nonresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine were included. Different parameters, including clinical benefit, toxicity (WHO΄s criteria) and survival were registered. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were performed. Results: Forty-two consecutive patients were included. Median age was 62.5 years, 42{\%} were men. Gemcitabine treatment lasted in median for 5 months (0.5-29 months). Median survival from diagnosis was 9.4 months and from start of treatment 8.1 months. Thirteen patients (32{\%}) were alive 12 months after treatment start. The treatment was overall well tolerated concerning toxicity. Seven patients had transient grade 4 reactions. Of 8 parameters selected from the univariate analysis, 3 were identified as independent predictors for longer survival: age >60 years, ≤5 {\%} weight loss at diagnosis and absence of metastases. Conclusions: Gemcitabine treatment in locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic cancer showed to be of potential benefit and well tolerated. Age, weight loss and metastases were independent prognostic factors for survival. The median survival time was longer than previously reported. Keywords: pancreatic cancer; locally advanced; gemcitabine; treatment outcome; prognostic factors",
author = "Bodil Andersson and Ursula Aho and Marie-Louise Pendse and Johan Nilsson and Bobby Tingstedt and Roland Andersson",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "130--137",
journal = "Annals of gastroenterology : quarterly publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology",
issn = "1108-7471",
publisher = "Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology",
number = "2",