Gender aspects on survival among patients admitted to hospital with suspected or diagnosed heart failure.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives and design. There are conflicting data on gender differences in survival among heart failure (HF) patients. We prospectively assessed gender differences in survival among 930 consecutive patients (464 [49.9%] women, mean age 76.1 +/- 10.1 years), admitted to hospital with suspected or diagnosed HF. Results. Overall, women had lower unadjusted mortality hazard ratio (HR) than men: HR 0.827; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.690-0.992; p = 0.040. Adjusted HR was 0.786; 95% CI 0.601-1.028; p = 0.079. Unadjusted mortality was significantly higher among patients with a discharge HF diagnosis, compared to those without: HR 1.330; 95% CI 1.107-1.597; p = 0.002; adjusted p = 0.289. Women and men with a discharge HF diagnosis had similar survival: unadjusted HR 1.052; 95% CI 0.829-1.336; p = 0.674; adjusted HR 0.875; 95% CI 0.625-1.225; p = 0.437. Women had lower mortality risk among patients without a discharge HF diagnosis: HR 0.630, 95% CI 0.476-0.833, p = 0.001; adjusted HR 0.611, p = 0.036. Conclusion. Prognosis was poor among patients hospitalised with suspected or diagnosed HF. Among all patients, women had better survival, whereas both sexes had similar survival when the HF diagnosis was certified.

Details

Authors
  • Gordana Tasevska
  • Linn Kennedy
  • Anneli Iwarson Cline
  • Leif RW Erhardt
  • Ronnie Willenheimer
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Other Clinical Medicine
  • Clinical Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-391
JournalScandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
Volume42
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Internal Medicine Research Unit (013242520), Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Cardiology Research Group (013242120)

Related research output

Gordana Tasevska, 2008, Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Lunds universitet. 140 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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