Gene therapy cures the anemia and lethal bone marrow failure in mouse model for RPS19-deficient Diamond-Blackfan anemia.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a congenital erythroid hypoplasia caused by functional haploinsufficiency of genes encoding ribosomal proteins. Mutations involving the ribosomal protein S19 gene are detected in 25 % of patients. Enforced expression of ribosomal protein S19 improves the overall proliferative capacity, erythroid colony-forming potential and erythroid differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors from ribosomal protein S19-deficient patients in vitro and in vivo following xenotransplantation. However, studies using animal models are needed to assess the therapeutic efficacy and safety of the viral vectors. In the present study we have validated the therapeutic potential of gene therapy using mouse models for ribosomal protein S19-deficient Diamond-Blackfan anemia. Using lentiviral gene transfer we demonstrate that enforced expression of ribosomal protein S19 cures the anemia and lethal bone marrow failure in recipients transplanted with ribosomal protein S19-deficient cells. Furthermore, gene-corrected ribosomal protein S19-deficient cells showed an increased pan-hematopoietic contribution over time compared to untransduced cells without signs of vector-mediated toxicity. Our study provides a proof of principle for the development of clinical gene therapy to cure ribosomal protein 19-deficient Diamond-Blackfan anemia.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1792-1798
JournalHaematologica
Volume99
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Stem Cell Aging (013212073), Division of Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy (013022010)

Related research output

Debnath, S., 2017, Lund: Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 78 p.

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