Genetic profiling of a chondroblastoma-like osteosarcoma/malignant phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor of bone reveals a homozygous deletion of CDKN2A, intragenic deletion of DMD, and a targetable FN1-FGFR1 gene fusion

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Abstract

Conventional osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone. This group of neoplasms is subclassified according to specific histological features, but hitherto there has been no correlation between subtype, treatment, and prognosis. By in-depth genetic analyses of a chondroblastoma-like osteosarcoma, we detect a genetic profile that is distinct from those previously reported in benign and malignant bone tumors. The overall genomic copy number profile was less complex than that typically associated with conventional osteosarcoma, and there was no activating point mutation in any of H3F3A, H3F3B, IDH1, IDH2, BRAF, or GNAS. Instead, we found a homozygous CDKN2A deletion, a DMD microdeletion and an FN1-FGFR1 gene fusion. The latter alteration has been described in phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. This tumor type shares some morphological features with chondroblastoma-like osteosarcoma and we cannot rule out that the present case actually represents an FN1-FGFR1 positive malignant phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor of bone without osteomalacia.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • University of Miami
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology
  • Medical Genetics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
JournalGenes, Chromosomes and Cancer
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 May 8
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.