Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury

AU - Hasan, Zirak

AU - Rahman, Milladur

AU - Palani, Karzan

AU - Syk, Ingvar

AU - Jeppsson, Bengt

AU - Thorlacius, Henrik

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Hasan Z, Rahman M, Palani K, Syk I, Jeppsson B, Thorlacius H. Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 304: L221-L229, 2013. First published December 14, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012.-Overwhelming accumulation of neutrophils is a significant component in septic lung damage, although the signaling mechanisms behind neutrophil infiltration in the lung remain elusive. In the present study, we hypothesized that geranylgeranylation might regulate the inflammatory response in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice received the geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, GGTI-2133, before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets. Gene expression of CXC chemokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and CCL2 chemokine was determined by quantitative RT-PCR in isolated alveolar macrophages. Administration of GGTI-2133 markedly decreased CLP-induced infiltration of neutrophils, edema, and tissue injury in the lung. CLP triggered clear-cut upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils. Inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase reduced CLP-evoked upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils in vivo but had no effect on chemokine-induced expression of Mac-1 on isolated neutrophils in vitro. Notably, GGTI-2133 abolished CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines, TNF-alpha, and CCL2 in alveolar macrophages in the lung. Geranylgeranyl transferase inhibition had no effect on sepsis-induced platelet shedding of CD40L. In addition, inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase markedly decreased CXC chemokine-triggered neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. Taken together, our findings suggest that geranylgeranyl transferase is an important regulator of CXC chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment in the lung. We conclude that inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase might be a potent way to attenuate acute lung injury in abdominal sepsis.

AB - Hasan Z, Rahman M, Palani K, Syk I, Jeppsson B, Thorlacius H. Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 304: L221-L229, 2013. First published December 14, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012.-Overwhelming accumulation of neutrophils is a significant component in septic lung damage, although the signaling mechanisms behind neutrophil infiltration in the lung remain elusive. In the present study, we hypothesized that geranylgeranylation might regulate the inflammatory response in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice received the geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, GGTI-2133, before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets. Gene expression of CXC chemokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and CCL2 chemokine was determined by quantitative RT-PCR in isolated alveolar macrophages. Administration of GGTI-2133 markedly decreased CLP-induced infiltration of neutrophils, edema, and tissue injury in the lung. CLP triggered clear-cut upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils. Inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase reduced CLP-evoked upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils in vivo but had no effect on chemokine-induced expression of Mac-1 on isolated neutrophils in vitro. Notably, GGTI-2133 abolished CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines, TNF-alpha, and CCL2 in alveolar macrophages in the lung. Geranylgeranyl transferase inhibition had no effect on sepsis-induced platelet shedding of CD40L. In addition, inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase markedly decreased CXC chemokine-triggered neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. Taken together, our findings suggest that geranylgeranyl transferase is an important regulator of CXC chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment in the lung. We conclude that inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase might be a potent way to attenuate acute lung injury in abdominal sepsis.

KW - isoprenylation

KW - chemokines

KW - leukocytes

KW - lung

KW - sepsis

U2 - 10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012

DO - 10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012

M3 - Article

VL - 304

SP - L221-L229

JO - American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

SN - 1522-1504

IS - 4

ER -