Getting along or ahead: Effects of gender identity threat on communal and agentic self-presentations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


When faced with a threat to gender identity, people may try to restore their gender status by acting in a more gender-typical manner. The present research investigated effects of gender identity threat on self-presentations of agentic and communal traits in a Swedish and an Argentine sample (N = 242). Under threat (vs. affirmation), Swedish women deemphasized agentic traits (d [95 % CI] = -0.41 [-0.93, 0.11]), Argentine women increased their emphasis on communal traits (d = 0.44 [-0.08, 0.97]), and Argentine men increased their emphasis on agentic traits (d = 0.49 [-0.03, 1.01]). However, Swedish men did not appear to be affected by the threat regarding agentic (d = 0.04 [-0.47, 0.55]) or communal traits (d = 0.23 [-0.29, 0.74]). The findings are to be considered tentative. Implications for identity threat research are discussed.


External organisations
  • Linnaeus University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology


  • identity threat, agency, communion, gender differences, self-presentation, self-stereotyping
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-432
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 29
Publication categoryResearch