Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity

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Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity. / Paradis, Carita; Willners, Caroline; Jones, Steven.

In: The Mental Lexicon, 2009, p. 380-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity

AU - Paradis, Carita

AU - Willners, Caroline

AU - Jones, Steven

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimental methods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relation and the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and in memory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexical categorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigation support the latter model and show that different pairings have different levels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empirical methods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico- semantic opposability and affinity, and since the techniques of investigation are different in nature, we obtain slightly conflicting results at the more specific levels. We conclude that some antonym pairs can be diagnosed as “canonical” on the strength of three indicators: textual co-occurrence, individual judgement about “goodness” of opposition, and elicitation evidence.

AB - The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimental methods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relation and the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and in memory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexical categorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigation support the latter model and show that different pairings have different levels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empirical methods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico- semantic opposability and affinity, and since the techniques of investigation are different in nature, we obtain slightly conflicting results at the more specific levels. We conclude that some antonym pairs can be diagnosed as “canonical” on the strength of three indicators: textual co-occurrence, individual judgement about “goodness” of opposition, and elicitation evidence.

KW - synonym

KW - contrast

KW - adjective

KW - conventionalization

KW - lexico-semantic relation

KW - antonym

KW - prototype

KW - gradable

M3 - Article

SP - 380

EP - 429

JO - The Mental Lexicon

JF - The Mental Lexicon

SN - 1871-1340

ER -