Granular non-fibrillar aggregates and toxicity in Alzheimer's disease
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Granular non-fibrillar aggregates (GNAs) are identified as possible toxic species in Alzheimer's disease. GNAs form on the surface of negatively charged biological membranes and as a consequence of an acidic environment, off the polymerization pathway at neutral pH. Aβ (1-40) GNAs disturb the bilayer structure of model membranes and seem to be more toxic to cells with negatively charged membranes (consequence of chronic pre-apoptosis). GNAs may be relevant in physiological situations associated to Alzheimer's disease: a local acidic pH at the cell surface (consequence of lipid oxidation or other cell insults) and acidification as a consequence of vascular events causing hypoxia. Together with previous descriptions of granular aggregates with poly-glutamine peptides related to Huntington's disease and the SH3 domain of PI3, GNAs related to Alzheimer's disease are a further example of a possible common aggregation and toxicity mechanism in conformational diseases. GNAs may represent a new pharmacological target in Alzheimer's disease.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Current Alzheimer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Oct|