Grasping the hydra: The need for a holistic and systematic approach to disaster risk reduction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article stresses the significance of recognising interdependencies between factors determining
disaster risk in any attempts to integrate disaster risk reduction in international
development cooperation. It bases its arguments on the case studies of four past projects
in Sri Lanka and Tajikistan, which are scrutinised using a theoretical framework based
on systems approaches. It appears that the results of ignoring interdependencies may (1)
cause sub-optimisation problems where the desired outcome is not reached as the factor
focused on and/or the desired outcome are dependent on other factors, and (2) make it
difficult or impossible to monitor and evaluate the actual effects of international development
cooperation projects in disaster risk reduction.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Building Technologies


  • Complexity and Interdependence, Systems Approaches, Disaster Risk Reduction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-24
JournalJàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch

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