Ground-based remote sensing of the shallow subsurface: Geophysical methods for environmental applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


Noninvasive methods for the characterization of shallow subsurface have been used routinely for some 20–30 years. The growth in these methods has been driven by a variety of breakthroughs in the use of electrical, electromagnetic, and seismic methods, to mention only the most common techniques. Increasing field capabilities and computational power have yet to yield all their potential fruits. In this chapter, we introduce readers to the basic concepts of shallow subsurface methods. We guide them through some of the physical details and present a number of application examples all derived from our own experience, concerning both structural characterization and (fluid)-dynamic understanding of the shallow subsurface. Finally, we propose ideas concerning the future development of this wide and exciting discipline.


  • Giorgio Cassiani
  • Jacopo Boaga
  • Ilaria Barone
  • Maria Teresa Perri
  • Gian Piero Deidda
  • Giulio Vignoli
  • Claudio Strobbia
  • Laura Busato
  • Rita Deiana
  • Matteo Rossi
  • Maria Clementina Caputo
  • Lorenzo De Carlo
External organisations
  • University of Padova
  • University of Cagliari
  • University of Naples Federico II
  • CNR Water research institute (IRSA)
  • realtimeseismic
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Geophysical Engineering
  • Geophysics


  • Applied geophysics, Electrical and electromagnetic methods, Environmental geophysics, Hydrogeophysics, Near-surface geophysics, Seismics
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRemote Sensing of Geomorphology
EditorsPaolo Tarolli, Simon M. Mudd
PublisherElsevier Science Publishers B.V.
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9780444641786
ISBN (Print)9780444641779
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 16
Publication categoryResearch

Publication series

NameDevelopments in Earth Surface Processes
ISSN (Print)0928-2025