Haemophilus influenzae reside in tonsills and use IgD binding as an evasion strategy.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) causes respiratory tract infections and is also considered as a commensal, particularly in pre-school children. Tonsils from patients (n=617) undergoing tonsillectomy due to chronical infection or hypertrophy were examined. We found that 51 % of tonsils were positive for Hi, and in 95 % of cases analysed in detail (n=39) Hi resided intracellularly in the core tonsillar tissue. Patients harboured several intracellular unique strains and the majority were non-typeable Hi (NTHi). Interestingly, the isolated NTHi bound soluble immunoglobulin (Ig) D at the constant heavy chain domain 1 as revealed by recombinant IgD/IgG chimeras. NTHi also interacted with B lymphocytes via the IgD B cell receptor resulting in internalization of bacteria, T-cell independent activation via Toll like receptor 9, and differentiation into non-NTHi specific IgM producing cells. Taken together, IgD-binding NTHi leads to an unspecific immune response and may support the bacteria to circumvent the host defense.


  • Kalpana Singh
  • Therése Nordström
  • Matthias Mörgelin
  • Marta Brant
  • Lars-Olaf Cardell
  • Kristian Riesbeck
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1418-1428
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch