Haemophilus Protein F Orthologs of Pathogens Infecting the Airways: Exploiting Host Laminin at Heparin-Binding Sites for Maximal Adherence to Epithelial Cells
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Haemophilus influenzae protein F (PF) is an important virulence factor interacting with laminin, an extracellular matrix protein ubiquitously expressed in the respiratory tract. Here we defined PF orthologs in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria that occasionally colonize and infect the human airways. Despite low sequence homology (48.2%-77.3% similarity), all orthologs (Paf, AfeA, and MntC) interacted with laminin. Interestingly, all proteins bound at the heparin-binding sites of laminin, including the globular domains, and also attached to laminin expressed on respiratory epithelial cells. Laminin is thus a highly important target for PF orthologs of the bacterial species examined.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The Journal of infectious diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|