Hässleberga – a Late Palaeolithic kill site in Scania, Sweden, confirmed by analysis of bone modifications

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Abstract

Late glacial skeletal remains from mainly reindeer and wild horse, but also other species such as mountain hare, arctic fox and elk have been collected from kettle holes in Hässleberga, Scania. Bones from reindeer and wild horse have been radiocarbon dated to Allerød and Younger Dryas. Analysis of bone modifications has revealed several different actors and factors behind the accumulation of the skeletal remains. Marks caused by gnawing and chewing by rodents, ungulates and carnivores have been observed on skeletal remains from reindeer and wild horse. The frequent occurrence of carnivore tooth marks probably both represents predation by carnivores as well as scavenging of bone refuse. Modifications interpreted to be cut marks and marrow fracturing caused by humans have been observed on bones from reindeer and wild horse. Man-made modifications on radiocarbon dated reindeer bones indicate the presence of humans in Hässleberga during Allerød and Younger Dryas.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • History and Archaeology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-19
JournalLund Archaeological Review
Volume1999
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes