Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires

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Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires. / Torpe Touborg, Caroline.

In: Philosophical Studies, Vol. 175, No. 7, 2018, p. 1557-1576.

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Torpe Touborg, Caroline. "Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires". Philosophical Studies. 2018, 175(7). 1557-1576.

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Torpe Touborg, Caroline. / Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires. In: Philosophical Studies. 2018 ; Vol. 175, No. 7. pp. 1557-1576.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Hasteners and delayers: why rains don't cause fires

AU - Torpe Touborg, Caroline

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an event C is a cause of a later event E only if E security-depends positively on C. This explains our causal judgements in typical cases of hastening and delaying as well as in atypical cases, where we judge that hasteners are not causes of what they hasten or that delayers are causes of what they delay.

AB - We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an event C is a cause of a later event E only if E security-depends positively on C. This explains our causal judgements in typical cases of hastening and delaying as well as in atypical cases, where we judge that hasteners are not causes of what they hasten or that delayers are causes of what they delay.

KW - Causation

KW - Hastening

KW - Delaying

M3 - Article

VL - 175

SP - 1557

EP - 1576

JO - Philosophical Studies

JF - Philosophical Studies

SN - 0031-8116

IS - 7

ER -