Health-related quality of life after surviving an out-of-hospital compared to an in-hospital cardiac arrest: A Swedish population-based registry study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been reported for out-hospital (OHCA) and in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) separately, but potential differences between the two groups are unknown. The aim of this study is therefore to describe and compare HRQoL in patients surviving OHCA and IHCA. Methods: Patients ≥18 years with Cerebral Performance Category 1–3 included in the Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation between 2014 and 2017 were included. A telephone interview was performed based on a questionnaire sent 3–6 months post cardiac arrest, including EQ-5D-5L and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Mann–Whitney U test and multiple linear- and ordinal logistic regression analyses were used to describe and compare HRQoL in OHCA and IHCA survivors. Adjustments were made for sex, age and initial rhythm. Results: In all, 1369 IHCA and 772 OHCA survivors were included. Most OHCA and IHCA survivors reported no symptoms of with anxiety (88% and 84%) or depression (87% and 85%). IHCA survivors reported significantly more problems in the health domains mobility, self-care, usual activities and pain/discomfort (p < 0.001 for all) and scored lower general health measured by EQ-VAS (median 70 vs. 80 respectively, p < 0.001) compared with the OHCA survivors. Conclusion: Survivors of IHCA reported significantly worse HRQoL compared to survivors of OHCA. Consequently, research data gathered from one of these populations may not be generalizable to the other.


External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Linnaeus University
  • University of Gothenburg
  • Linköping University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
  • Kalmar County Council
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


  • Health, Heart arrest, Psychological distress, Quality of life
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch