Heat Sensing Manikin Test Probe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A manikin test probe has been developed to simulate the thermal behaviour of human skin when exposed to thermal conditions likely to occur in fires. The threshold for second-degree burn injuries is evaluated from the temperature readings using a damage integral. The probe has been exposed to different radiation fluxes and the calculated damage criterion for second-degree burn injuries is in agreement with data from the literature on human skin and pig skin. Probes mounted on a manikin have been used to assess how the extent of burn injuries develop as a function of time on a fully dressed pilot inside a military aeroplane surrounded by a large pool fire. In another scenario burn injuries for humans inside a fire room are assessed when a super-heated water mist extinguishing system is activated.


  • Petra Andersson
  • Göran Holmstedt
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Building Technologies
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
JournalFire and Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Petra Andersson, 1997, Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety, Lund University. 260 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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