Heat transfer prediction and critical heat flux mechanism for pool boiling of NOVEC-649 on microporous copper surfaces

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Abstract

Pool boiling performance of NOVEC-649 was experimentally studied on microporous surfaces prepared by an electrochemical deposition method. Microporous structures contribute to large surface roughness values and provide large quantities of cavities ranging from several hundreds of nanometers to several microns for bubble nucleation. The results show that a maximum enhancement of 600% in heat transfer coefficient and a maximum enhancement of 55% in critical heat flux are achieved on the deposited surfaces, compared with a smooth copper surface. Experimental heat transfer coefficients were compared with literature correlations, considering the effects of roughness and surface-liquid combination. Then a fitted Rohsenow correlation was discussed and developed to predict the present results. Experimental critical heat fluxes were compared with classical models. It was found that the critical heat flux on the smooth surface could be predicted by the lift-off model and the Kandlikar model, but these models cannot predict the critical heat fluxes on the deposited surfaces well. Following, the Kandlikar model was modified by further considering a wicking force and a roughness-factor-dependent surface tension force. The present modified CHF model was validated by comparing with present experimental data and the literature, with a deviation around ±30%.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering

Keywords

  • Boiling, Critical heat flux, Dielectric liquid, Heat transfer
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-834
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume141
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes