Heritability and genetic variance of dementia with Lewy bodies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent large-scale genetic studies have allowed for the first glimpse of the effects of common genetic variability in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), identifying risk variants with appreciable effect sizes. However, it is currently well established that a substantial portion of the genetic heritable component of complex traits is not captured by genome-wide significant SNPs. To overcome this issue, we have estimated the proportion of phenotypic variance explained by genetic variability (SNP heritability) in DLB using a method that is unbiased by allele frequency or linkage disequilibrium properties of the underlying variants. This shows that the heritability of DLB is nearly twice as high as previous estimates based on common variants only (31% vs 59.9%). We also determine the amount of phenotypic variance in DLB that can be explained by recent polygenic risk scores from either Parkinson's disease (PD) or Alzheimer's disease (AD), and show that, despite being highly significant, they explain a low amount of variance. Additionally, to identify pleiotropic events that might improve our understanding of the disease, we performed genetic correlation analyses of DLB with over 200 diseases and biomedically relevant traits. Our data shows that DLB has a positive correlation with education phenotypes, which is opposite to what occurs in AD. Overall, our data suggests that novel genetic risk factors for DLB should be identified by larger GWAS and these are likely to be independent from known AD and PD risk variants. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

Details

Authors
  • International Parkinson's Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC)
  • Rita Guerreiro
  • Elisabet Londos
  • Jose Bras
Organisations
External organisations
  • University College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Genetics
  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • Dementia, Genetic correlation, Genetic variance, Lewy bodies
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-501
Number of pages10
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume127
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

Export Date: 24 April 2019