Herpes simplex virus--the most frequently isolated pathogen in the lungs of patients with severe respiratory distress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

308 consecutive patients with severe or complicated respiratory tract infections underwent fiber-optic bronchoscopy in the search for a microbiological etiology. Protected brush specimens were used for bacterial cultures and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for virus isolation and cytological examination. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) was the most commonly found pathogen and was isolated in 37 patients. 20 (54%) of them also had serological and/or cytological signs of HSV infection. 132 patients required assisted ventilation (AV) and in this group 34 (92%) of the 37 HSV positive patients were found. Isolation of HSV was significantly (p less than 0.001) associated with AV compared to patients not requiring AV. Of all patients treated with AV 26% had positive HSV isolation in conjunction with suspected acute lower respiratory infection. Coinfection with HSV and bacteria occurred in only 8 (22%) patients. HSV was more common in patients with burns (47%) compared to other patient groups such as patients with AIDS (3%) or other immunodeficiencies (9%).

Details

Authors
  • Thorbjörn Prellner
  • Leo Flamholc
  • Sven Haidl
  • Karin Lindholm
  • Anders Widell
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-292
JournalScandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Clinical Microbiology, Malmö (013011000), Pathology, (Lund) (013030000), Infectious Diseases Research Unit (013242010)