HLA Class I and Genetic Susceptibility to Type 1 Diabetes Results From the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE-We report here genotyping data and type 1 diabetes association analyses for HLA class I loci (A, B, and C) on 1,753 multiplex pedigrees from the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC), a large international collaborative study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Complete eight-locus HLA genotyping data were generated. Expected patient class I (HLA-A, -B, and -C) allele frequencies were calculated, based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns with observed HLA class II DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 haplotype frequencies. Expected frequencies were compared to observed allele frequencies in patients. RESULTS-Significant type 1 diabetes associations were observed at all class I HLA loci. After accounting for LD with HLA class II, the most significantly type 1 diabetes-associated alleles were B*5701 (odds ratio 0.19; P = 4 x 10(-11)) and B*3906 (10.31; P = 4 X 10(-10)). Other significantly type 1 diabetes-associated alleles included A*2402, A*0201, B*1801, and C*0501 (predisposing) and A*1101, A*3201, A*6601, B*0702, B*4403, B*3502, C*1601, and C*0401 (protective). Some alleles, notably B*3906, appear to modulate the risk of all DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 haplotypes on which they reside, suggesting a class I effect that is independent of class H. Other class I type 1 diabetes associations appear to be specific to individual class H haplotypes. Some apparent associations (e.g., C*1601) could be attributed to strong LD to another class I susceptibility locus (B*4403). CONCLUSIONS-These data indicate that HLA class I alleles, in addition to and independently from HLA class H alleles, are associated with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes 59:2972-2979, 2010

Details

Authors
  • Janelle A. Noble
  • Ana Maria Valdes
  • Michael D. Varney
  • Joyce Carlson
  • Priscilla Moonsamy
  • Anna Lisa Fear
  • Julie A. Lane
  • Eva Lavant
  • Rebecca Rappner
  • Anthony Louey
  • Patrick Concannon
  • Josyf C. Mychaleckyj
  • Henry A. Erlich
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2972-2979
JournalDiabetes
Volume59
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes