HLA DPA1, DPB1 Alleles and Haplotypes Contribute to the Risk Associated With Type 1 Diabetes Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium Families

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE-To determine the relative risk associated with DPA1 and DPB1 alleles and haplotypes in type I diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-The frequency of DPA1 and DPB1 alleles and haplotypes in type I diabetic patients was compared to the family based control frequency in 1,771 families directly and conditional on FILA (B)-DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 linkage disequilibrium. A relative predispositional analysis (RPA) was performed in the presence or absence of the primary HLA DR-DQ associations and the contribution of DP haplotype to individual DR-DQ haplotype risks examined. RESULTS-Eight DPAI and thirty-eight DPB1 alleles forming seventy-four DPA1-DPB1 haplotypes were observed, nineteen DPB1 alleles were associated with multiple DPA1 alleles Following both analyses, type I diabetes susceptibility was significantly associated with DPB1*0301 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0301) and protection with DPB1*0402 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0402) and DPA1*0103-DPB1*0101 but not DPA1*0201-DPB1*0101. In addition, DPB1*0202 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0202) and DPB1*0201 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0201) were significantly associated with susceptibility in the presence of the high risk and protective DR-DQ haplotypes Three associations (DPB1*0301, *0402, and *0202) remained statistically significant when only the extended HLA-A1-B8-DR3 haplotype was considered, suggesting that DPB1 alone may delineate the risk associated with this otherwise conserved haplotype CONCLUSIONS-HLA DP allelic and haplotypic diversity contributes significantly to the risk for type I diabetes; DPB1*0301 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0301) is associated with susceptibility and DPB1*0402 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0402) and DPA1*0103-DPB1*0101 with protection Additional evidence is presented for the susceptibility association of DPB1*0202 (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0202) and for a contributory role of individual amino acids and DPA1 or a gene in linkage disequilibrium in DR3-DPB1*0101 positive haplotypes Diabetes 59:2055-2062, 2010

Details

Authors
  • Michael D. Varney
  • Ana Maria Valdes
  • Joyce Carlson
  • Janelle A. Noble
  • Brian D. Tait
  • Persia Bonella
  • Eva Lavant
  • Anna Lisa Fear
  • Anthony Louey
  • Priscilla Moonsamy
  • Josyf C. Mychaleckyj
  • Henry Erlich
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055-2062
JournalDiabetes
Volume59
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes