HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families

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HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families. / Erlich, Henry; Valdes, Ana Maria; Noble, Janelle; Carlson, Joyce; Varney, Mike; Concannon, Pat; Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.; Todd, John A.; Bonella, Persia; Fear, Anna Lisa; Lavant, Eva; Louey, Anthony; Moonsamy, Priscilla.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2008, p. 1084-1092.

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Erlich, H, Valdes, AM, Noble, J, Carlson, J, Varney, M, Concannon, P, Mychaleckyj, JC, Todd, JA, Bonella, P, Fear, AL, Lavant, E, Louey, A & Moonsamy, P 2008, 'HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families', Diabetes, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 1084-1092. https://doi.org/10.2337/db07-1331

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Erlich H, Valdes AM, Noble J, Carlson J, Varney M, Concannon P, Mychaleckyj JC, Todd JA, Bonella P, Fear AL, Lavant E, Louey A, Moonsamy P. 2008. HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families. Diabetes. 57(4):1084-1092. https://doi.org/10.2337/db07-1331

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Erlich, Henry ; Valdes, Ana Maria ; Noble, Janelle ; Carlson, Joyce ; Varney, Mike ; Concannon, Pat ; Mychaleckyj, Josyf C. ; Todd, John A. ; Bonella, Persia ; Fear, Anna Lisa ; Lavant, Eva ; Louey, Anthony ; Moonsamy, Priscilla. / HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families. In: Diabetes. 2008 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 1084-1092.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes and type 1 diabetes risk: Analysis of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium families

AU - Erlich, Henry

AU - Valdes, Ana Maria

AU - Noble, Janelle

AU - Carlson, Joyce

AU - Varney, Mike

AU - Concannon, Pat

AU - Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.

AU - Todd, John A.

AU - Bonella, Persia

AU - Fear, Anna Lisa

AU - Lavant, Eva

AU - Louey, Anthony

AU - Moonsamy, Priscilla

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - OBJECTIVE-The Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium has collected type 1 diabetic families worldwide for genetic analysis. The major genetic determinants of type 1 diabetes are alleles at the HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 loci, with both susceptible and protective DR-DQ haplotypes present in all human populations. The aim of this study is to estimate the risk conferred by specific DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:-Six hundred and seven Caucasian families and 38 Asian families were typed at high resolution for the DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 loci. The association analysis was performed by comparing the frequency of DR-DQ haplotypes among the chromosomes transmitted to an affected child with the frequency of chromosomes not transmitted to any affected child. RESULTS-A number of susceptible, neutral, and protective DR-DQ haplotypes have been identified, and a statistically significant hierarchy of type 1 diabetes risk has been established. The most susceptible haplotypes are the DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 (odds ratio [OR] 3.64) and the DRB1*0405-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302, DRB1*0401-DQA1*0301-DQB*0302, and DRB1*0402-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 haplotypes (ORs 11.37, 8.39, and 3.63), followed by the DRB1*0404-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 (OR 1.59) and the DRB1*0801-DQB1*0401-DQB1*0402 (OR 1.25) haplotypes. The most protective haplotypes are DRB1*1501-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 (OR 0.03), DRB1*1401-DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 (OR 0.02), and DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0303 (OR 0.02). CONCLUSIONS-Specific combinations of alleles at the DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 loci determine the extent of haplotypic risk. The comparison of closely related DR-DQ haplotype pairs with different type I diabetes risks allowed identification of specific amino acid positions critical in determining disease susceptibility. These data also indicate that the risk associated with specific HLA haplotypes can be influenced by the genotype context and that the trans-complementing heterodimer encoded by DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0302 confers very high risk.

AB - OBJECTIVE-The Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium has collected type 1 diabetic families worldwide for genetic analysis. The major genetic determinants of type 1 diabetes are alleles at the HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 loci, with both susceptible and protective DR-DQ haplotypes present in all human populations. The aim of this study is to estimate the risk conferred by specific DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:-Six hundred and seven Caucasian families and 38 Asian families were typed at high resolution for the DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 loci. The association analysis was performed by comparing the frequency of DR-DQ haplotypes among the chromosomes transmitted to an affected child with the frequency of chromosomes not transmitted to any affected child. RESULTS-A number of susceptible, neutral, and protective DR-DQ haplotypes have been identified, and a statistically significant hierarchy of type 1 diabetes risk has been established. The most susceptible haplotypes are the DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 (odds ratio [OR] 3.64) and the DRB1*0405-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302, DRB1*0401-DQA1*0301-DQB*0302, and DRB1*0402-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 haplotypes (ORs 11.37, 8.39, and 3.63), followed by the DRB1*0404-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 (OR 1.59) and the DRB1*0801-DQB1*0401-DQB1*0402 (OR 1.25) haplotypes. The most protective haplotypes are DRB1*1501-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 (OR 0.03), DRB1*1401-DQA1*0101-DQB1*0503 (OR 0.02), and DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0303 (OR 0.02). CONCLUSIONS-Specific combinations of alleles at the DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 loci determine the extent of haplotypic risk. The comparison of closely related DR-DQ haplotype pairs with different type I diabetes risks allowed identification of specific amino acid positions critical in determining disease susceptibility. These data also indicate that the risk associated with specific HLA haplotypes can be influenced by the genotype context and that the trans-complementing heterodimer encoded by DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0302 confers very high risk.

U2 - 10.2337/db07-1331

DO - 10.2337/db07-1331

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 1084

EP - 1092

JO - Diabetes

JF - Diabetes

SN - 1939-327X

IS - 4

ER -