Household resilience to climate change hazards in Uganda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose – As climate change shocks and stresses increasingly affect urban areas in developing
countries, resilience is imperative for the purposes of preparation, recovery and adaptation. This study aims to investigate demographic characteristics and social networks that influence the household capacity to prepare, recover and adapt when faced with prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events in Mbale municipality in Eastern Uganda.
Design/methodology/approach – A cross-sectional research design was used to elicit subjective opinions. Previous studies indicate the importance of subjective approaches for measuring social resilience but their use has not been well explored in the context of quantifying urban resilience to climate change shocks and stresses. This study uses 389 structured household interviews to capture
demographic characteristics, social networks and resilience capacities. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis.
Findings – The ability of low-income households to meet their daily expenditure needs, household size, and networks with relatives and non government organizations (NGOs) were significant determinants of preparedness, recovery and adaptation to prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events.
Practical implications – The results imply that policymakers and practitioners have an important role vis-à-vis encouraging activities that boost the ability of households to meet their daily expenditure needs, promoting small household size and reinforcing social networks that enhance household resilience.Originality/value – Even the low-income households are substantially more likely to prepare for and recover from prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events if they can meet their daily expenditure needs. This
finding is noteworthy because the poorest in society are generally the most vulnerable to hazards.
Keywords Resilience, Drought, Urban, Networks, Rainfall, Demographic

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Gulu University
  • Makerere University
  • Uppsala University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography

Keywords

  • Resilience, Drought, Urban, Networks, Rainfall, Demographic
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-73
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Volume12
Issue number1
Early online date2019 Nov 16
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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