Human IgG/FcgammaR Interactions Are Modulated by Streptococcal IgG Glycan Hydrolysis.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes produces an endoglycosidase, EndoS that hydrolyzes the chitobiose core of the asparagine-linked glycan on the heavy chain of human IgG. IgG-binding to Fc gamma receptors (FcgammaR) on leukocytes triggers effector functions including phagocytosis, oxidative burst and the release of inflammatory mediators. The interactions between FcgammaR and the Fc domain of IgG depend on the IgG glycosylation state. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we show for the first time that EndoS hydrolyzes the heavy chain glycan of all four human IgG subclasses (IgG1-4), in purified form and in a plasma environment. An inactive form of EndoS, obtained by site-directed mutagenesis, binds IgG with high affinity, in contrast to wild type EndoS that only transiently interacts with IgG, as shown by Slot-blotting and surface plasmon resonance technology. Furthermore, EndoS hydrolysis of the IgG glycan influences the binding of IgG to immobilized soluble FcgammaR and to an erythroleukemic cell line, K562, expressing FcgammaRIIa. Incubation of whole blood with EndoS results in a dramatic decrease of IgG binding to activated monocytes as analyzed by flow cytometry. Moreover, the IgG bound to K562 cells dissociates when cells are treated with EndoS. Likewise, IgG bound to immobilized FcgammaRIIa and subsequently treated with EndoS, dissociates from the receptor as analyzed by surface plasmon resonance and Western blot. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We provide novel information about bacterial enzymatic modulation of the IgG/FcgammaR interaction that emphasizes the importance of glycosylation for antibody effector functions. Moreover, EndoS could be used as a biochemical tool for specific IgG N-glycan hydrolysis and IgG purification/detection, or as a potential immunosuppressing agent for treatment of antibody-mediated pathological processes.

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  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1413
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes