Human-Centred AI in the EU: Trustworthiness as a strategic priority in the European Member States

Research output: Book/ReportAnthology (editor)


The European approach to artificial intelligence (AI) points to ethical considerations, human control and trustworthiness as its core tenets. But how clearly is this approach reflected in the Member States’ strategies?

This anthology analyses to what extent the notions of ethical and trustworthy AI, presented by the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence and the European Commission, have influenced AI strategies in Portugal, The Netherlands, Italy, the Czech Republic, Poland, Norway as well as the Nordics overall.

It is clear that the EU-level policies have had an impact on the national level strategies, although sometimes only to the extent that they were published before the national documents. For instance, while some countries, such as Norway and Portugal, have explicitly incorporated aspects from the Ethics Guidelines, others, such as the Nordics, already tended to include questions of trust and transparency, or on ethics as in the case of Poland.

The EU has emphasised AI trustworthiness as both an ethical imperative and competitive advantage. However, implementation is still at the starting line: much depends on alignment between this diverse group of nations, with different priorities, within the single market.


  • Stefan Larsson (Editor)
  • Claire Ingram Bogusz (Editor)
  • Jonas Andersson Schwarz (Editor)
External organisations
  • Södertörn University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Law and Society


  • AI in the EU, Human-centred AI, Trustworthy AI, EU policy, Member States, AI strategy, Ethics Guidelines
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm
PublisherEuropean Liberal Forum asbl.
Number of pages198
ISBN (Print)978-91-87379-81-9
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Nov 30
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Stefan Larsson Lawyer (LLM), senior lecturer and Associate Professor in Technology and Social Change at at the Department of Technology and Society at Lund University. He holds a PhD in Sociology of Law as well as a PhD in Spatial Planning. His multidisciplinary research focuses on issues of trust and transparency on digital, data-driven markets, and the socio-legal impact of autonomous and AI-driven technologies. Claire Ingram Bogusz Post-doctoral researcher at the House of Innovation at the Stockholm School of Economics and the Department of Applied IT at the University of Gothenburg. Prior to comp- leting her PhD, she read law (LLB). Her research interests lie in how code-based technologies change organising, professions, and the dynamics of value creation. Jonas Andersson Schwarz Senior lecturer and Associate Professor in Media and Communications at Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden. His primary research interest lies in the epistemological and ethical aspects of digital media infrastructure.

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Larsson, S. (Chair), Wisbrant, J. (Host), Svensson, L. (Keynote/plenary speaker), Markus Lingman (Keynote/plenary speaker), Steen, O. (Keynote/plenary speaker)
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Activity: Participating in or organising an eventOrganisation of public lecture/debate/seminar

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