Hydration of MCM-41 studied by sorption calorimetry

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Abstract

Hydration of mesoporous silica MCM-41 was studied using the method of sorption calorimetry. By combining water sorption and nitrogen sorption experiments, we calculated the density of silanol groups on the MCM41 surface as 1.6 nm(-2). Comparison of capillary condensation regimes of water and nitrogen showed that the apparent density of water confined in MCM-41 pores is ca. 0.88 g/cm(3). The pore diameter calculated using a combination of X-ray and sorption data is 39 A. Calculations based on application of the Kelvin-Cohan equation on the water sorption data are in reasonable agreement with this value. The sorption calorimetric results show that the capillary condensation of water in the pores is driven by enthalpy; the entropic effect is negative. A mechanism of hydration that involves formation of small unfilled cavities adjacent to pore walls can be used to explain the observed enthalpy end entropy effects. Comparison of sorption and desorption data indicates the presence of air trapped in pores when hydration is performed by mixing MCM-41 with liquid water. The heat effect of pre-capillary condensation adsorption of water on hydroxylated MCM-41 is much more exothermic compared to the original calcined material.

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  • Physical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12906-12913
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes