Hydrolysis of tri- and monoacylglycerol by lipoprotein lipase: evidence for a common active site

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Abstract

The relationship between triacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol hydrolyzing activities of purified rat heart lipoprotein lipase was studied using emulsified trioleoylglycerol and micellar or albumin-bound monooleoylglycerol as substrates. The maximal reaction rates obtained with the two substrates were similar (650 and 550 nmol of fatty acid released per min per mg of protein, respectively). Addition of apolipoprotein C-II or serum increased the maximal reaction rate for the trioleolyglycerol hydrolyzing activity about four-fold, but had no effect on the monooleolyglycerol hydrolyzing activity. Hydolysis of the two substrates apparently takes place at the same active site of the enzyme since (1) mutual competitive inhibition between the substrates could be demonstrated; (2) the rate of inactivation of enzymatic activity with the two substrates in 1.2 M NaCl was the same; (3) similar losses of hydrolytic activity with tri- and monooleoylglycerol were observed in the presence of low concentrations of n-butyl (p-nitrophenyl) carbamide; (4) inhibition of both hydrolytic activities by this compound could be prevented by prior exposure of lipoprotein lipase to either substrate.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1904-1909
JournalBiochemistry
Volume15
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1976
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes