Hydrophilization of bixin by lipase-catalyzed transesterification with sorbitol
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Bixin is one of the most used yellow-orange food colorants in the food industry. The polyene chain of bixin makes it highly hydrophobic and less suitable for water-based food formulations. Lipase-catalyzed reactions of bixin with sorbitol were studied to synthesize a new derivative of bixin with potential hydrophilic properties. Interestingly, we show that the lipase-catalyzed reaction of bixin leads to a transesterification reaction and formation of a transesterified product, sorbitol ester of norbixin (SEN). The reaction efficiency was optimized with various immobilized lipases at different water activity levels in the organic solvent, 2-methyl-2-butanol. Among the examined lipases, immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozyme 435) provided the highest reaction yield at a water activity close to zero. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) was used as co-solvent to improve bixin solubility. The optimization of the reaction conditions with 20% THF lead to a total reaction yield of 50% of SEN.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Dec 1|