Hyperplasia of histaime-depleted enterochromaffin-like cells in rat stomach using omeprazole and a-fluoromethylhistidine
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In the rat, gastric histamine is stored mainly in the enterochromaffinlike cells. Gastrin releases histamine from these cells, and long-term hypergastrinemia results in hyperplasia. The effect of sustained hypergastrinemia on histamine-depleted enterochromaffinlike cells was studied by measuring histidine decarboxylase activity and histamine concentrations and by using quantitative histology. Hypergastrinemia maintained for 6 weeks was induced by inhibition of gastric acid secretion with omeprazole (400 mumol.kg-1.day-1) given orally, and histamine synthesis was inhibited for the same length of time with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (3 mg.kg-1.h-1) given via osmotic minipumps. In rats given omeprazole alone, the effects of the resulting hypergastrinemia on the enterochromaffinlike cells was reflected in increased histidine decarboxylase activity, increased histamine concentration, and increased number of enterochromaffinlike cells. The general trophic effects on the stomach were seen as increased stomach and oxyntic mucosal weight and increased mucosal thickness. Treatment with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine plus omeprazole markedly reduced the histidine decarboxylase activity and histamine concentration, but the weight of the stomach and oxyntic mucosa, the enterochromaffinlike cell density, and intensity of histidine decarboxylase immunostaining were increased to at least the same extent as after omeprazole alone. These observations indicate that enterochromaffinlike cell histamine is not important for a full expression of gastrin-evoked trophic effects in the stomach.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 1992|