Hypogonadism Risk in Men Treated for Childhood Cancer.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Pediatric cancer treatment may imply an increased risk of hypogonadism, leading to metabolic disorders and osteoporosis. Such complications are potentially preventable. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess diagnosis- and treatment-dependent risk of hypogonadism in male childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Design: Male CCS who were treated during the period 1970-2002 and who in 2004 were 18-45 yr of age were eligible. Setting: The study was conducted in a university hospital clinic. Patients: A consecutive group of CCS treated at Lund University Hospital was selected for the study, of whom 151 (38%) agreed to participate. Furthermore, 141 healthy fertile men served as controls. Interventions: We measured serum levels of free and total testosterone, SHBG, and LH. Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) for biochemical hypogonadism, defined as total testosterone less than 10 nmol/liter and/or LH above 10 IU/liter, were calculated and related to type of cancer, treatment received, as well as testicular volume. Results: Hypogonadism was more commonly detected in CCS than in controls (OR, 6.7; 95% CI, 2.7, 17). The increased presence of hypogonadism was noted in the following treatment groups: brain surgery, chemotherapy (with and without radiotherapy), and testicular irradiation. Low total testicular volume (</=24 ml) was associated with a high risk of hypogonadism (OR, 31; 95% CI, 11, 92). Conclusion: Adult male survivors of childhood cancer are at risk of hypogonadism, which should be acknowledged in the long-term follow-up of these men.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4180-4186
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume94
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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