Identification of an amino acid residue in the PKC C1b domain crucial for its localisation to the Golgi network.
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Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms have been reported to be targeted to the Golgi complex via their C1 domains. We have shown recently that the regulatory domain of PKCtheta induces apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells and that this effect is correlated to Golgi localization via the C1b domain. This study was designed to identify specific residues in the C1 domains that mediate Golgi localization. We demonstrate that the isolated C1b domains from PKCalpha, -delta, -epsilon, -eta, and -theta are targeted to the Golgi complex, whereas the corresponding C1a domains localize throughout the cell. Sequence alignment showed that amino acid residues corresponding to Glu-246 and Met-267 in PKCtheta are conserved among C1b but absent from C1a domains. Mutation of Met-267, but not of Glu-246, to glycine abolished the Golgi localization of the isolated C1b domain and the regulatory domain of PKCtheta. The mutated PKCtheta regulatory domain constructs lacking Golgi localization were unable to induce apoptosis, suggesting a direct correlation between Golgi localization and apoptotic activity of PKCtheta regulatory domain. Mutation of analogous residues in the C1b domain of PKCepsilon abrogated its Golgi localization, demonstrating that this effect is not restricted to one PKC isoform. The abolished Golgi localization did not affect neurite induction by PKCepsilon. However, the PKCepsilon mutant did not relocate to the Golgi network in response to ceramide and ceramide did not suppress the neurite-inducing capacity of the protein. Thus, the specific mutations in the C1b domain influence both the localization and function of full-length PKCepsilon.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|