“Imma march’ toward Ka’ba”: Islam in Swedish hip-hop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The common history of Islam and the hip-hop culture can be traced back to the early expression of the culture. Since the early days of hip-hop, Muslims have used hip-hop to convey Islamic messages. Artists driven, in equal parts, by a strong personal belief in Islam and a love for hip-hop music have taken Islamic-themed hip-hop outside its country of birth, the U.S., and have made it into a matter of global concern. In an attempt to contribute to and, hopefully, complicate the picture of what has been called the transglobal hip-hop umma, this article explores how Swedish Muslims articulate their beliefs through hip-hop in Sweden. With examples from both the Swedish mainstream and the underground, it highlights hip-hop music with an Islamic engagement whose aim is to promote and perform what is understood as “Islamic values,” such as ethics, peace, social responsibility, and a strong personal belief.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Social Sciences
  • History of Religions


  • muslims, rap, sweden, hip-hop, islam
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-296
JournalContemporary Islam
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (016526301), Islamology (015017031)