Immature stages of metalmark moths from the genus Brenthia clemens (Choreutidae): Morphology and life history notes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper the immature stages of Brenthia monolychna Meyrick (Choreutidae: Brenthiinae), as well as their ultrastructure, are described and figured. This is the first description of a New World brenthiine, in addition, notes on life history for four New World species of Brenthia Clemens are provided, including mention of their host plants and parasitoids. Host plant utilization of the genus is discussed. A clarification of the nomenclature of the longest seta on the larval abdominal segment 9 is proposed. Earlier literature disagrees on whether this is a lateral, subdorsal, or dorsal seta - my examination suggests it is the subdorsal seta 1. The recorded distribution of Brenthia pavorracella Clemens is questioned, and a revised distribution is suggested. Moreover, an escape mechanism, employed by all known Brenthia larvae, is discussed. Finally, a list of morphological and behavioral synapomorphies for the subfamily Brenthiinae and the genus Brenthia is provided.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • University of Connecticut
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Zoology

Keywords

  • Braconidae, Chaetotaxy, Larval escape behavior, Microlepidoptera, Parasitoids, Ultrastructure
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Lepidopterists' Society
Volume62
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 14
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes