Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. / Cunha-Goncalves, Doris; Nord, Anders; Bianco, Federico; Salomone, Fabrizio; Ricci, Francesca; Schlun, Martin; Linner, Rikard; Perez-De-Sa, Valeria.

In: Neonatology, Vol. 117, No. 4, 12.2020, p. 467-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Cunha-Goncalves, D, Nord, A, Bianco, F, Salomone, F, Ricci, F, Schlun, M, Linner, R & Perez-De-Sa, V 2020, 'Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure', Neonatology, vol. 117, no. 4, pp. 467-473. https://doi.org/10.1159/000508349

APA

Cunha-Goncalves, D., Nord, A., Bianco, F., Salomone, F., Ricci, F., Schlun, M., Linner, R., & Perez-De-Sa, V. (2020). Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Neonatology, 117(4), 467-473. https://doi.org/10.1159/000508349

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Cunha-Goncalves, Doris ; Nord, Anders ; Bianco, Federico ; Salomone, Fabrizio ; Ricci, Francesca ; Schlun, Martin ; Linner, Rikard ; Perez-De-Sa, Valeria. / Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. In: Neonatology. 2020 ; Vol. 117, No. 4. pp. 467-473.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Body Position on Lung Deposition of Nebulized Surfactant in Newborn Piglets on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

AU - Cunha-Goncalves, Doris

AU - Nord, Anders

AU - Bianco, Federico

AU - Salomone, Fabrizio

AU - Ricci, Francesca

AU - Schlun, Martin

AU - Linner, Rikard

AU - Perez-De-Sa, Valeria

PY - 2020/12

Y1 - 2020/12

N2 - Introduction: The ideal body position during surfactant nebulization is not known. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether body positioning during surfactant nebulization influences surfactant distribution and deposition in the lungs. Methods: Twenty-four 12- to 36-h-old full-termpiglets (1.3-2.2 kg) on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) were randomized into four groups: lateral decubitus with right or left side up, prone or supine positions (n = 6 each). All animals received 200 mg kg-1 of poractant alfa mixed with 200 MBq of 99mtechnetium-nanocolloid via a customized eFlow-Neos investigational vibrating-membrane nebulizer. Surfactant deposition (percentage of the administered dose) was measured by gamma scintigraphy. Results: Comparing all groups, the mean total lung surfactant deposition was significantly higher in the prone position (32.4 ± 7.7%, p = 0.03). The deposition in this group was higher in the right lung (21.0 ± 8.6 vs. 11.3 ± 5.7%, p = 0.04). When nebulization was performed in the lateral decubitus, most of the surfactant was found in the dependent lung, regardless of which side the piglet lay on (right side up 15.3 ± 1.0 vs. 3.4 ± 1.0%, p = 0.06, and left side up 11.2 ± 9.8 vs. 1.8 ± 0.7%, p = 0.04). Conclusions: In spontaneously breathing animals on nCPAP, the prone position yielded the highest lung dose. Higher deposition rates in the dependent lung while on lateral decubitus indicates that deposition was also influenced by gravity.

AB - Introduction: The ideal body position during surfactant nebulization is not known. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether body positioning during surfactant nebulization influences surfactant distribution and deposition in the lungs. Methods: Twenty-four 12- to 36-h-old full-termpiglets (1.3-2.2 kg) on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) were randomized into four groups: lateral decubitus with right or left side up, prone or supine positions (n = 6 each). All animals received 200 mg kg-1 of poractant alfa mixed with 200 MBq of 99mtechnetium-nanocolloid via a customized eFlow-Neos investigational vibrating-membrane nebulizer. Surfactant deposition (percentage of the administered dose) was measured by gamma scintigraphy. Results: Comparing all groups, the mean total lung surfactant deposition was significantly higher in the prone position (32.4 ± 7.7%, p = 0.03). The deposition in this group was higher in the right lung (21.0 ± 8.6 vs. 11.3 ± 5.7%, p = 0.04). When nebulization was performed in the lateral decubitus, most of the surfactant was found in the dependent lung, regardless of which side the piglet lay on (right side up 15.3 ± 1.0 vs. 3.4 ± 1.0%, p = 0.06, and left side up 11.2 ± 9.8 vs. 1.8 ± 0.7%, p = 0.04). Conclusions: In spontaneously breathing animals on nCPAP, the prone position yielded the highest lung dose. Higher deposition rates in the dependent lung while on lateral decubitus indicates that deposition was also influenced by gravity.

KW - Aerosols

KW - Noninvasive ventilation

KW - Prone position

KW - Radionuclide imaging

KW - Surfactant

U2 - 10.1159/000508349

DO - 10.1159/000508349

M3 - Article

C2 - 32604091

AN - SCOPUS:85088115168

VL - 117

SP - 467

EP - 473

JO - Neonatology

JF - Neonatology

SN - 1661-7800

IS - 4

ER -