Impact of closely-coupled triple-pilot and conventional double-pilot injection strategies in a LD diesel engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Three injection strategies are compared in a light-duty (LD) diesel engine at a medium load point. One strategy, representative of a Euro 6 LD injection strategy, has a double-pilot/main/single-post sequence. There is a modest temporal spacing after the first pilot and second pilot. Additional strategies add a third pilot and greatly reduce the spacing after the pilots. These pilots are referred to as being “closely-coupled” to each other and the main injection. For the double-pilot strategy, there is significant undulation of the cylinder pressure around TDC. In contrast, the closely-coupled triple-pilot strategies show notably smaller undulations in their pressure traces. Despite increases in peak pressure rise rate, combustion noise is reduced in both triple-pilot strategies. An analysis of each strategy’s heat release rate (HRR) trace shows that the close spacing of the pilot injections drastically reduces the drop in HRR between each subsequent local peak in combustion from each injection. A new metric is developed in order to
quantify these drops, called the Ratio of Reduced Heat Release (RRHR). It is found that in order to reduce combustion noise, the RRHR should be minimized. Further analysis into the combustion noise shows that the occurrence frequency of the local HRR peaks matches strong frequencies responsible for combustion noise, and furthermore that the reduction in combustion noise is not due to the geometry of the combustion chamber. The modification of the HRR trace by implementing closely-coupled triple-pilot injection strategies allows combustion to be phased earlier, improving efficiency while also reducing combustion noise.


External organisations
  • Volvo Personvagnar AB (Volvo Car Corporation)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • closely-coupled pilot, closely-spaced pilot, combustion noise, multiple pilot injection strategy, diesel injection
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 19
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Michael Denny, 2019 Mar 28, Lund, Sweden: Department of Energy Sciences, Lund University.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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