Impact of surgical resection rate on survival in gastric cancer: nationwide study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


BACKGROUND: There are marked geographical variations in the proportion of patients undergoing resection for gastric cancer. This study investigated the impact of resection rate on survival. METHODS: All patients with potentially curable gastric cancer between 2006 and 2017 were identified from the Swedish National Register of Oesophageal and Gastric Cancer. The annual resection rate was calculated for each county per year. Resection rates in all counties for all years were grouped into tertiles and classified as low, intermediate or high. Survival was analysed using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: A total of 3465 patients were diagnosed with potentially curable gastric cancer, and 1934 (55.8 per cent) were resected. Resection rates in the low (1261 patients), intermediate (1141) and high (1063) tertiles were 0-50.0, 50.1-62.5 and 62.6-100 per cent respectively. The multivariable Cox analysis revealed better survival for patients diagnosed in counties during years with an intermediate versus low resection rate (hazard ratio (HR) 0.81, 95 per cent c.i. 0.74 to 0.90; P < 0.001) and high versus low resection rate (HR 0.80, 0.73 to 0.88; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This national register study showed large regional variation in resection rates for gastric cancer. A higher resection rate appeared to be beneficial with regard to overall survival for the entire population.


  • C. H. Kung
  • C. Jestin Hannan
  • G. Linder
  • J. Johansson
  • M. Nilsson
  • J. Hedberg
  • M. Lindblad
External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Skellefteå Hospital
  • Uppsala University
  • Karolinska University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Surgery
Original languageEnglish
JournalBJS Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch