Impacts of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy “Greening” Reform on Agricultural Development, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has had limited success in mitigating agriculture's environmental degradation. In this paper we simulate the impacts of the 2013 “greening” reform on biodiversity and ecosystem services in environmentally contrasting landscapes. We do this by integrating an agent-based model of structural change with spatial ecological production functions, and show that the reform will likely fail to deliver substantial environmental benefits. Our study implies that greening measures need to be tailored to local conditions and priorities, to generate environmental improvements. Such spatial targeting of measures is though incompatible with the design of a common direct payments scheme.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Seville
  • Leibniz Institute Of Agricultural Development In Transition Economies (IAMO)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

Keywords

  • agent-based modeling, biodiversity, CAP reform, Ecological Focus Areas (EFA), ecosystem services, landscape, spatial production functions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-738
JournalApplied Economic Perspectives and Policy
Volume42
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: We gratefully acknowledge funding from the MULTAGRI project within the RURAGRI ERA‐NET (EU/FP7) framework and the FORMAS project “Predicting policy impact on biodiversity ‐ effects of the Common Agricultural Policy on farmland birds” (Grant nr 226‐2013‐1204) for financing this research. We also greatly appreciate comments from coeditor Daniel Petrolia and three anonymous referees that helped to improve the manuscript. The paper is a contribution to the strategic research area Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing Climate, BECC. Funding Information: We gratefully acknowledge funding from the MULTAGRI project within the RURAGRI ERA-NET (EU/FP7) framework and the FORMAS project ?Predicting policy impact on biodiversity - effects of the Common Agricultural Policy on farmland birds? (Grant nr 226-2013-1204) for financing this research. We also greatly appreciate comments from coeditor Daniel Petrolia and three anonymous referees that helped to improve the manuscript. The paper is a contribution to the strategic research area Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing Climate, BECC. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Authors. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Agricultural & Applied Economics Association. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.