Improved efficacy by using the pTnT-rhtTG plasmid for the detection of celiac disease specific tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies in radioligand binding assays.

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Abstract

Background. Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) autoantibodies are serological markers for celiac disease. The aim was to study the efficacy of the pTnT-rhtTG plasmid and subsequent diagnostic accuracy of tTG autoantibodies for childhood celiac disease using radioligand binding assays. Methods. Coupled in vitro transcription and translation of tTG were performed by pTnT-rhtTG as well as by the pGEMt Easy-rhtTG vectors using the TNT SP6 Coupled Reticulocyte Lysate System in the presence of [(35)S] methionine. Sera from 190 celiac disease children and 74 controls were measured for tTG autoantibodies in two separate radioligand binding assays using anti-human IgA agarose and protein A sepharose beads for the detection of IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG, respectively. Results. Median incorporation of [(35)S] methionine into the pTnT-rhtTG was 26% compared to 16% for the pGEMt Easy-rhtTG plasmid (p = 0.0016). Using pTnT-rhtTG (as compared to pGEMt Easy-rhtTG), sensitivities were IgA-tTG = 96.3% (95.7%) and IgG-tTG = 95.8% (97.3%) and specificities were IgA-tTG = 91.9% (90.5%) and IgG-tTG = 94.6% (98.4%). According to receiver operator characteristics for the pTnT (pGEMt Easy) assays, area under the curves were IgA-tTG = 98.4% (98.4%) and IgG-tTG = 97.7% (97.2%), respectively. Conclusion. The pTnT-rhtTG plasmid increased the efficacy of tTG antigen usage without reducing the diagnostic accuracy of IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG for childhood celiac disease. The pTnT-rhtTG plasmid is therefore recommended over the pGEMt Easy-rhtTG for the assessment of IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG using radioligand binding assays.

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  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-704
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume71
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes