Improvement of cognitive functions after cobalamin/folate supplementation in elderly patients with dementia and elevated plasma homocysteine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of cobalamin/folate supplementation on cognitive function in elderly patients with dementia. METHOD: The cobalamin/folate status of the patients was evaluated by measuring plasma homocysteine, serum methylmalonic acid, serum cobalamin and blood folate. Thirty-three patients were studied and repeatedly assessed with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and 'A short cognitive performance test for assessing memory and attention' (SKT) during vitamin substitution. RESULTS: Patients with mild-moderate dementia and elevated plasma homocysteine levels improved clinically with increased test scores after vitamin substitution, while severely demented patients and patients with normal plasma homocysteine levels did not improve clinically. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma homocysteine may be the best marker for detecting treatable cobalamin/folate deficiency in patients with dementia.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychiatry
  • Geriatrics


  • cobalamin, folate, homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, dementia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-614
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Psychogeriatrics (013304000), Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology (013250300)