In community-dwelling women frailty is associated with imminent risk of osteoporotic fractures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Summary: Frailty reflects an accelerated health decline. Frailty is a consequence of fracture and contributes to fracture. Greater frailty was associated with higher fracture risk. Frail women were at immediate risk (within 24 months) of a hip or major fracture. Fracture prevention could be improved by considering frailty status. Introduction: Frailty encompasses the functional decline in multiple systems, particularly the musculoskeletal system. Frailty can be a consequence of and contribute to fracture, leading to a cycle of further fractures and greater frailty. This study investigates this association, specifically time frames for risk, associated fracture types, and how grade of frailty affects risk. Methods: The study is performed in the OPRA cohort of 1044, 75-year-old women. A frailty index was created at baseline and 5 and 10 years. Women were categorized as frail or nonfrail and in quartiles (Q1 least frail; Q4 most frail). Fracture risk was assessed over short (1 and 2 years) and long terms (5 and 10 years). Fracture risk was defined for any fracture, major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs), and hip and vertebral fracture, using models including bone mineral density (BMD) and death as a competing risk. Results: For women aged 75, frailty was associated with higher risk of fracture within 2 years (Hip SHRadj. 3.16 (1.34–7.47)) and MOF (2 years SHRadj. 1.88 (1.12–3.16)). The increased risk continued for up to 5 years (Hip SHRadj. 2.02 (1.07–3.82)); (MOF SHRadj. 1.43 (0.99–2.05)). Grade of frailty was associated with increased 10-year probability of fracture (p = 0.03). Frailty predicted fracture independently of BMD. For women aged 80, frailty was similarly associated with fracture. Conclusion: Frail elderly women are at immediate risk of fracture, regardless of bone density and continue to be at risk over subsequent years compared to identically aged nonfrail women. Incorporating regular frailty assessment into fracture management could improve identification of women at high fracture risk.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Region Skåne
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • BMD, Community dwelling, Fracture, Frailty, Women
Original languageEnglish
JournalOsteoporosis International
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021 Mar 4
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes