Increased frequency of retinopathy of prematurity over the last decade and significant regional differences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) causes childhood blindness globally in prematurely born infants. Although increased levels of oxygen supply lead to increased survival and reduced frequency of cerebral palsy, increased incidence of ROP is reported. Methods: With the help of a Swedish register for ROP, SWEDROP, national and regional incidences of ROP and frequencies of treatment were evaluated from 2008 to 2015 (n = 5734), as well as before and after targets of provided oxygen changed from 85-89% to 91-95% in 2014. Results: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was found in 31.9% (1829/5734) of all infants with a gestational age (GA) of <31 weeks at birth and 5.7% of the infants (329/5734) had been treated for ROP. Analyses of the national data revealed an increased incidence of ROP during the 8-year study period (p = 0.003), but there was no significant increase in the frequency of treatment. There were significant differences between the seven health regions of Sweden, regarding both incidence of ROP and frequency of treatment (p < 0.001). Comparison of regional data before and after the new oxygen targets revealed a significant increase in treated ROP in one region [OR: 2.24 (CI: 1.11-4.49), p = 0.024] and a borderline increase in one other [OR: 3.08 (CI: 0.99-9.60), p = 0.052]. Conclusion: The Swedish national ROP register revealed an increased incidence of ROP during an 8-year period and significant regional differences regarding the incidence of ROP and frequency of treatment.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Uppsala University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Linköping University
  • Umeå University
  • St Erik Eye Hospital
  • University of Gothenburg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Incidence, Oxygen, Retinopathy of prematurity, Treatment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-148
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume96
Issue number2
Early online date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes