Increased incidence of childhood, prostate and breast cancers in relatives of childhood cancer patients.

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T1 - Increased incidence of childhood, prostate and breast cancers in relatives of childhood cancer patients.

AU - Magnusson, Susanne

AU - Wiebe, Thomas

AU - Kristoffersson, Ulf

AU - Jernström, Helena

AU - Olsson, Håkan

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Whether cancer predisposing familial factors are associated with childhood tumors is unclear. The purpose was to study the incidence of childhood and adult tumors in extended families of children with cancer. Family history of cancer was obtained through questionnaires, and the Swedish Population-, and Cancer Registries for 194 childhood cancer patients aged ≤18 years, diagnosed 1972-2009. Standardized cancer incidence ratios (SIR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated and compared with expected rates. Overall, 21 of the 194 patients had any relative with a childhood tumor. When restricted to first- to third degree relatives, increased incidences of childhood (SIR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-4.4) and adult tumors (SIR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.3-1.7), especially in the prostate (SIR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.9-3.8) and breast (SIR: 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2-2.4) were observed. Prostate and breast cancers were observed at earlier than average ages. No TP53 mutations or known cancer predisposing syndromes were found in families with multiple childhood tumors. Familial factors may increase the risk for childhood cancer and modify the age of onset of common adult tumors. Studying extended families with multiple childhood tumors may be a valuable approach to understanding the etiology of childhood tumors.

AB - Whether cancer predisposing familial factors are associated with childhood tumors is unclear. The purpose was to study the incidence of childhood and adult tumors in extended families of children with cancer. Family history of cancer was obtained through questionnaires, and the Swedish Population-, and Cancer Registries for 194 childhood cancer patients aged ≤18 years, diagnosed 1972-2009. Standardized cancer incidence ratios (SIR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated and compared with expected rates. Overall, 21 of the 194 patients had any relative with a childhood tumor. When restricted to first- to third degree relatives, increased incidences of childhood (SIR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-4.4) and adult tumors (SIR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.3-1.7), especially in the prostate (SIR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.9-3.8) and breast (SIR: 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2-2.4) were observed. Prostate and breast cancers were observed at earlier than average ages. No TP53 mutations or known cancer predisposing syndromes were found in families with multiple childhood tumors. Familial factors may increase the risk for childhood cancer and modify the age of onset of common adult tumors. Studying extended families with multiple childhood tumors may be a valuable approach to understanding the etiology of childhood tumors.

U2 - 10.1007/s10689-011-9493-3

DO - 10.1007/s10689-011-9493-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 22120843

VL - 11

SP - 145

EP - 155

JO - Familial Cancer

JF - Familial Cancer

SN - 1389-9600

ER -