Increased Levels of Hyaluronic Acid in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Patients with Vascular Dementia.

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Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been shown to affect angiogenesis and the function of the blood-brain barrier, and a crucial role for HA in atherosclerosis has been described. We have recently demonstrated changes in the levels of HA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) with documented vascular alterations. To further investigate if the level of HA in CSF can be used as a clinical diagnostic biomarker to identify vascular pathology in dementia, we analyzed the levels of HA in the CSF of patients with vascular dementia (VaD) (n = 46), AD (n = 45), and controls without dementia (n = 26). In line with our previous data, we found significantly increased levels of HA in CSF from patients with VaD compared with controls, whereas the levels of HA in patients with AD were found to be unaltered compared with controls and patients with VaD. We also detected increased levels of HA in individuals with vascular changes determined as significant white matter changes or previous infarction on cranial computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, compared with individuals without these findings. Furthermore, we found a significant positive correlation between the levels of HA and the CSF/serum albumin ratio, an indicator of blood-brain barrier integrity, in patients with VaD and AD, supporting the role of HA in vascular changes in the brain. Our results indicate a potential diagnostic value for the detection of vascular brain changes in dementia using CSF levels of HA, but emphasize the importance of further development of more sensitive HA assays.

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  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1441
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume42
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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