Increased smooth muscle cell proliferation by dimethylbenzanthracene is correlated to variations in activity of ornithine decarboxylase but not arylhydrocarbonhydroxylase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of cigarette smoke have been suggested to be involved in atherogenesis. After being converted to epoxides by monooxidases in the arterial wall the hydrocarbons may exert toxic or mutagenic effects on the smooth muscle cells (SMC). In a previous study we found that dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA), an inducer of arylhydrocarbonhydroxylase (AHH), increased SMC proliferation and viability. In the present work we intended to study whether these effects were mediated by AHH. Alpha-naphtoflavone (ANF), a non specific AHH inhibitor, decreased SMC proliferation. The effects of ANF were totally counteracted by serum, partially by albumin and not at all by platelet derived growth factor. AHH activity was not detectable nor basally nor after induction in SMC, and this made us conclude that the effects of DMBA and ANF on SMC proliferation were not mediated by AHH. On the other hand the activity of ornithine decarboxylase was influenced by DMBA and ANF in parallel to proliferation, suggesting the involvement of this enzyme in the described DMBA effects on SMC proliferation. This mechanism might be of relevance for the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis especially in relation to cigarette smoking.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene, Animals, Aorta, Thoracic, Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases, Cattle, Cell Division, Cell Survival, Cells, Cultured, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Ornithine Decarboxylase, Rabbits, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-55
Number of pages16
JournalArtery
Volume18
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes